Until well into the 19th century, the ‘academic’ flower piece of painters like Abraham Mignon, Jan van Huijsum and Rachel Ruysch always found approval and imitation in places of academic schooling and painting, in Vienna as much as in Düsseldorf.263 Franz Theodor Dallinger (1710-1771) must have been one of the first [i].264 Works by him were exhibited in Prague in 1938, which hitherto remained unknown to me.265 Another painter from Prague, Andreas Kinderman, was a member of the painters’ guild in The Hague in 1722 [i][i][i].266

Andreas Kinderman  
Still life with fruit, flowers and sphinx c. 1700
oil paint / canvas, 108 x 124 cm
Náchod Castle, Náchod, no. 1885



Andreas Kinderman  
Still life with fruit in a glass bowl c. 1700
oil paint / canvas, 108 x 124 cm
on the back :  A.C.P.D.A.
Náchod Castle, Náchod, no. 1939



Franz Theodor Dallinger  
Fruit piece in a forest landscape (1725 - 1771)
oil paint / canvas, 74 x 93 cm
Vienna (Dorotheum), 1984-12-04 - 1984-12-11, no. 358



Andreas Kinderman  
Bouquet in a stoneware vase with a relief (1696 - 1722)
oil paint / canvas, 137 x 103 cm
Strahov Monastery, Prague, no. O 483



Johann Baptist Hälszel  
Flower still life on a stone table between c. 1725-1777
oil paint / unknown, 85 x 69 cm
art dealer  Koetser (London), London (England)



Johann Baptist Hälszel (1710/12-1777) painted flowers and still-lifes in the manner of Jan Davidsz. de Heem, Abraham Mignon and Jan van Huijsum [i][i][i].267 Josef Pichler (1730-1808)268 [i] and Johann Baptist Drechsler (1756-1811) made very decorative flower paintings à la Jan van Huijsum and Rachel Ruysch [i][i][i][i].

Josef Pichler  
Flower arrangement on a stone table 1778 to be dated
oil paint / canvas, 94 x 71 cm
Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien, Vienna, no. 157



Johann Baptist Drechsler  
Large bouquet with peach and grapes dated 1810
oil paint / canvas, 65,7 x 52,5 cm
lower right :  Joh. Drechsler F. 1810
art dealer  C. Bednarczyk, Vienna



Johann Baptist Drechsler  
Flower piece with bird's nest dated 1804
oil paint / canvas, 69 x 54 cm
lower right :  Joh. Drechsler f. 1804
Kulturstiftung Dessau-Wörlitz, Dessau/Schloss Wörlitz, no. 1-161



Johann Baptist Hälszel  
Roses, asters, a poppy, convulvuli and other flowers in a glass vase on a marble ledge dated 1776
oil paint / copper, 47,7 x 36,5 cm
lower left :  Jaen Pauli Höl / 1776
Amsterdam (Christie's), 1999-05-04, no. 77



Johann Baptist Hälszel  
Still life with oranges, grapes and a canary (1725 - 1771)
oil paint / copper, 47 x 37 cm
lower right :  Jean Paul Hälszel 17...
Vienna (Dorotheum), 1992-06-23 - 1992-06-24, no. 143



Johann Baptist Drechsler  
Still life of roses, peonies, a tulip, a poppy, morning glories and other flowers in an urn resting on a stone ledge within a niche dated 1798
oil paint / canvas, 78,7 x 63,5 cm
lower right :  Joh. Drechsler 1789
New York City (Sotheby's), 2011-06-09, no. 124



Johann Baptist Drechsler  
Still life of roses, peonies, morning glories, an iris, a cock's comb and other flowers in an urn resting on a stone ledge within a niche c. 1798
oil paint / canvas, 78,7 x 63,5 cm
lower right :  J...rechsler f.
New York City (Sotheby's), 2011-06-09, no. 124



Johann Nepomuk Mayrhofer (1764-1832) copied Abraham Mignon [i][i],269 while Johann Knapp (1778-1833) kept himself to the more simple pieces from the beginning of the 17th century, for example Roeland Savery [i][i]. Sebastian Wegmayr (1776-1857) [i][i][i], professor of flower painting at the academy, didn’t know anything better to do than to imitate Jan van Huijsum’s flower bouquets.

Johann Knapp  
Flower piece in a niche (1803 - 1833)
oil paint / canvas, 52 x 39 cm
location unknown :  Johann Knapp fecit
museum  Niederösterreichische Landesmuseum, Sankt Pölten



Johann Knapp  
Flower piece in a niche dated 1812
oil paint / paper on linen, 72,5 x 55,5 cm
lower right :  Johann Knapp fecit 1812
Vienna (Dorotheum), 2003-11-24, no. 75



Sebastian Wegmayr  
Flower still life in glass vase 1830
oil paint / panel, 134 x 94 cm
lower right :  S. Wegmayr
Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, no. 2550



Johann Nepomuk Mayrhofer   after Abraham Mignon  
Fruit in a ruin dated 1795
oil paint / panel, 85 x 68 cm
lower left :  J. Mayrhoffer 1795
private collection  Wilhelm Löwenfeld, Munich



Sebastian Wegmayr  
Flower piece in a glass vase on a marble ledge c. 1835
oil paint / panel, 69,7 x 53 cm
lower right :  S. Wegmayr
Private collection



Sebastian Wegmayr  
Still-life of flowers in a glass vase c. 1830
gouache (material/technique) / paper, 408 x 283 mm
lower right :  S Wegmayr. f.
museum  Museum Niederösterreich, Sankt Pölten, no. 6495



Naturally, Austrian still-life painting did not consist of flower painting only. Franz Michael Siegmund von Purgau (1678-1754)270 and Philipp von Purgau (1681-after 1720) for instance created ‘thistle paintings’ in the style of Marseus van Schrieck and Hamilton [i][i][i]. They also made paintings with birds in imitation of Melchior d’ Hondecoeter and Jan Weenix [i][i][i].

Philipp von Purgau  
Still life with dead birds and stag beetles (1709 - 1720)
oil paint / canvas, 95 x 73,5 cm
Museum im Schottenstift, Vienna, no. 77



Philipp von Purgau  
Still life with dead birds and a squirrel (1709 - 1720)
oil paint / canvas, 94 x 73,2 cm
lower left :  P. v. Purgau f.
Museum im Schottenstift, Vienna, no. 82



Philipp von Purgau  
Still life with dead birds and marten (1709 - 1720)
oil paint / canvas, 95 x 73, cm
lower left :  P. v. Purgau f.
Museum im Schottenstift, Vienna, no. 78



Franz Michael Siegmund von Purgau  
Still life with a golden rod, birds and butterflies (1693 - 1754)
oil paint / canvas, 85,5 x 66,5 cm
lower left :  Francis Purgau. pinxit
Strahov Monastery, Prague, no. 0 715



Franz Michael Siegmund von Purgau  
Lawn with thistle, frogs and dragonfly dated 1738
oil paint / copper, 33 x 44 cm
on the back :  Frantz Michael Sigmund v: Purgau Pinxit Lincy 1738
Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, no. 5592



Franz Michael Siegmund von Purgau  
Lawn with strawberries and fly agari dated 1738
oil paint / copper, 33 x 44 cm
lower left :  P [ligiert]; sign. und dat. auf der Rückseite: v. Purgau Fecit Lincy 1737
Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, no. 5591



Jan Antonín Vocásek  
Trompe-l'oeil of a jay against a wooden wall and cherries c. 1740
oil paint / canvas, 53 x 41 cm
Rychnov Château, Rychnov nad Kněžnou, no. RK 714/253



Jan Antonin Vocásek (1706-1757) must have been a talented artist, who painted birds [i][i][i], fish [i], flowers and other still-lifes in his hometown of Reichenau [Rychnov nad Kněžnou].271 As an example of his art we have to point out a trompe-l’œil painting of a woodpecker before a wooden wall, which was also exhibited in Prague in 1938 [i].272

Jan Antonín Vocásek  
Still life of a salmon caught at the river Orlice near Borohradek dated 1743
oil paint / canvas, 142 x 85,5 cm
Js A. Wocasek
4. Martii 1743
Rychnov Château, Rychnov nad Kněžnou, no. RK 720/1761



Jan Antonín Vocásek  
Trompe-l'oeil of a woodpecker against a wooden wall c. 1740
oil paint / canvas, 52,5 x 39,7 cm
bottom left of the middle :  I.HROSCHEZKY
Rychnov Château, Rychnov nad Kněžnou, no. RK 717/254



Jan Antonín Vocásek  
Still life with a partridge, small birds and dominoes c. 1740-1743
oil paint / canvas, 53 x 41 cm
Rychnov Château, Rychnov nad Kněžnou, no. RK 715/251



Jan Antonín Vocásek  
Still life with a bird, fruit and flowers, with cards and a tobacco pouch (1740 - 1743)
oil paint / canvas, 53 x 40,5 cm
Rychnov Château, Rychnov nad Kněžnou, no. RK 718/252



Austrian animal and hunting paintings on the other hand, are usually more Flemish than Dutch in conception. Martin Ferdinand Quadal (1736-1809)273 [i][i] and Johann Wurzer (1760-1838) [i][i] have painted still-lifes in the Flemish manner. 274

Johann Wurzer  
Flower piece in a glass vase dated 1781
oil paint / panel, 50 x 35 cm
lower right :  Johann Wurzer in Venit et pinxit 81
Zürich (Koller), 2007-09-18 - 2007-09-21, no. 3106



Johann Wurzer  
Flower piece in a glass vase early 1780s
oil paint / panel, 50 x 35 cm
lower right :  Johann Wurzer in Venit et pinxit
Zürich (Koller), 2007-09-18 - 2007-09-21, no. 3106



Martin Ferdinand Quadal  
Fish still life with two cats dated 1781
oil paint / canvas, 68 x 77 cm
lower right :  M. F. Quadal fet. / 1781
Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, no. 4052



Martin Ferdinand Quadal  
Two wolfs attacked by hunting dogs dated 1772
oil paint / canvas, 122,5 x 153,5 cm
lower left :  f.M. quadal 1772
London (England) ( Manson & Woods Christie), 1991-12-13, no. 179



Footnotes

263 [Van Leeuwen 2018] On flower painting in Vienna: Frodl/Frodl-Schneemann 2010.

264 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Dallinger mainly worked in Prague. Except for the illustrated still-life, we only know Flemish-looking still-lifes of vegetables by him (Prague, National Gallery) and hunting still-lifes (RKDimages 291369 and 291372). On Dallinger: Seifertová/Sevcík 1997, p. 24-25, ill. p. 202-203, no. 80 ( ill.), p. 226-227.

265 [Gerson 1942/1983] Prague 1938, nos. 751-752.

266 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Obreen 1877-1890, vol. 5, 142. On Kinderman: Němečková 2012.

267 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Hälszel also painted hunting still-lifes in the manner of Jan Weenix and Carl Wilhelm de Hamilton (RKDimages 291330 and 291328).

268 [Gerson 1942/1983] Illustration in Biermann 1914, no. 126. Pichler was a well-known fresco painter.

269 [Gerson 1942/1983] Hoerschelmann 1897, p. 68, no. 128, ill. [Van Leeuwen 2018] Although Mayrhofer was born in Linz, he worked most of his life in Munich, which is also where he made the Mignon copy. Gerson should have mentioned him in his text on Munich.

270 [Van Leeuwen 2018] On F.M.S. von Purgau: Dossi 1986.

271 [Van Leeuwen 2018] On Vocásek: Zezula 2012. The RKD is grateful for the generous gift of the images of many works in Rychnov Castle. The artworks were entered in the RKD database by trainee Mareike Wietz (Berlin, Freie Univeristät).

272 [Gerson 1942/1983] Prague 1938, no. 277.

273 [Van Leeuwen 2018] After travelling to France, England and Italy, Quadal left Austria permanently in 1790. First he started in England, but from 1793 till 1795 he lived in Holland, where he received many portrait commissions (e.g. RKDimages 291390, 169653, 169652, 148371, 150119, 273245, 125802). Considering his clientele he probably lived in The Hague. After the French marched into the Northern Netherlands, Quadal left for Hamburg, before he finally settled down in Saint Petersburg, as a court painter of tsar Paul I, son of Catherine the Great, who was murdered in 1801. On Quadal: Šafaříková 2012.

274 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Gerson probably referred to a hunting still-life with a dead deer and a huntsman (Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna; image in the Witt Library). We could not get hold of an image.